Are EMFs Dangerous? Unbiased Science-Based Review of Electromagnetic Fields

An Invisible Storm Creating Brain Fog

Electromagnetic Fields (EMFs) are perceived as environmental stressors on living organisms. R R

But since man-made EMFs are a very new stressor for humans, our cells have not developed proper defensive mechanisms against them. R

For example, EMFs are classified as possibly carcinogenic (cancer causing) as is arsenic, chloroform, cigarettes, DDT, estrogenics, heavy metals, roundup, etc. R

It seems clear that we would not willingly expose ourselves to these other agents, so why would we expose ourselves EMFs?

Is it from digital dementia (using electronics to remember everything for us) or FOMO (fear of missing out)? 

In this post, to simplify everything, I'll try to stay away from quantum physics as much as possible. 😉

I'll also show as unbiased of an opinion of EMFs as possible, but I do give you my opinion towards the end.

I'll also provide ways you can protect yourself from the downsides of EMFs.


  1. Basics
  2. EMF Standards And Exposure Symptoms
  3. How EMFs Affect The Body
  4. How EMFs Affect Food
  5. What You Can Do To Protect Your Body
  6. Levels And Testing
  7. Mechanism Of Action
  8. More Research



Electromagnetic fields (EMFs) are essentially physical fields AKA radiation (even if invisible to the human eye) produced by electrically charged objects. R

EMFs essentially are any magnetic force above 0Hz, which include our visible spectrum, the sun, gamma rays from space, living creatures, and planets. R

Everything with matter (energy) technically has an EMF, but I'm not saying EMFs are equal to gravity, since they are indeed different. R

EMF Standards And Exposure Symptoms

So, the problem isn't just natural EMFs, but man-made ones. R

Man-made EMFs - from extremely low-frequency electro-magnetic fields (ELF-EMFs, which is around 50Hz and we are constantly exposed to being in any building in the US) to radiofrequency electromagnetic fields (RF-EMFs) and beyond - have increased over the past century. R

Some of these include common devices such as radar, satellites, wireless communication devices (mobile/cordless phones, radios/stereos, TVs, laptops), industrial or kitchen heating, gas/electrical meters (smart meters), and even medical diagnostic/treatment tools (magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), RF tissue heating), and this man-made list can probably go on forever. R R R

Exposure Standards

EMFs are classed as a possible carcinogen by the World Health Organization's (WHO) International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), Environmental Working Group (EWG), and the American National Standards Institute (ANSI). R R R R R

The established levels of EMFs established by the USA and the International Commission on Non-Ionizing Radiation Protection (ICNIRP) are 1.6 and 2.0 W/kg, but these levels are very controversial in their "safety". R

The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), the European Committee for Electrotechnical Standardization (CENELEC) and the Australian Radiation Protection and Nuclear Safety Agency (ARPANSA) say to limit your exposure to 3kHz-300GHz in order to avoid adverse health effects. R

The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) recommendations to decrease the adverse effects of cellphone exposure on children. R

Exposure Symptoms

EMFs have also shown to induce:

  • Anxiety and Paranoia R
  • Blurred Vision and Visual Impairment R
  • Cardiac Pain R
  • Concentration and Attention Dysfunction R
  • Dermographism (skin sensitivity) R
  • Depression R
  • Dizziness and Vertigo R
  • Dysesthesia
  • Fatigue R
  • Headaches and Migraines R
  • Loss of Appetite and Body Weight R
  • Loss of Empathy R
  • Lowered Libido R
  • Lowered Muscular Strength and Motor Function R
  • Memory Changes R
  • Nausea R
  • Restlessness R
  • Skin Burning Sensations R
  • Sleep disturbances/Insomnia R
  • Stress and Irritability R
  • Tingling R
  • Tinnitus R
  • Tremors R
  • Weight Gain R

This range of effects (described above) is also referred to as "microwave syndrome" or "microwave illness". R R

Exposure to EMFs can also make individuals develop idiopathic environmental intolerance to electromagnetic fields (IEI-EMF) or electro-hypersensitivity (EHS). R

This next part gets technical, so if you want to get right to how you can protect yourself from EMFs, click here.

How EMFs Affect The Body

1. Alter Mitochondrial, DNA, And Antioxidant Status


ELF-EMFs decrease the amount of energy (ATP) produced from mitochondria, while higher certain ELF-PEMFs seem to increase mitochondrial activity. R R

EMFs and static magnetic fields (SMF) modulate the expression of oxidants as well as anti-oxidant genes. R R

For example, EMFs can cause oxidative stress in the cells, increase reactive oxygen species (ROS), and other free radicals. R

The high amount of ROS can damage cellular components (mainly the cell membrane and DNA). R

But acute exposure of EMFs can temporarily increase antioxidants such as superoxide dismutase (MnSOD) and glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) as well. R R R

Chronic exposure depletes the body of these antioxidants. R

EMFs directly damage DNA and stop the process of DNA repairing itself.  R

For example, microwaves tear apart DNA strands. R

2. Change The Immune System

EMFs activate the immune system and keep it active (if chronically exposed). R

This increases inflammation (which is good to initially fight pathogens) and increases oxidative stress in the body. R

For example, EMFs can enhance how immune cells attack and trap pathogens. R

First, they activate macrophages to eat pathogens. R

Also, by enhancing the formation of ROS, EMFs have anti-microbial properties on the pathogens. R

EMFs increase neutrophil extracellular trap (NET) formation, which are used to trap and disarm pathogens. R

But interestingly, ELF-EMFs can increase the growth rate of pathogenic bacteria such as:

  • Escherichia coli R
  • Staphylococcus aureus R
  • Staphylococcus epidermidis R

ELF-EMFs decrease the growth of:

  •  Serratia marcescens R

EMFs also decrease biofilms and for the ability of H. Pylori to reside in biofilms. R

EMFs have no effect on candida. R R

EMFs may also help against the development of auto-immunity by modulating the balance of the immune system. R

3. May Cause Cancer


Increased and continued exposure to EMFs increase the chance of cancer. R R

This is because EMFs change the antioxidant status in cells and also cause (within minutes) the body to express heat-shock proteins and genes at a much higher rate than normal heat would. R R

This change in oxidation status to the cells can even happen with non-thermal radiation. R

This induces DNA damage, improper cell death, and cancer. R 

For example, MRIs may increase the risk of developing breast cancer. R

There are several conflicting studies possibly linking childhood leukemia and exposure of EMFs by living near power lines. R

EMF exposure (in both children and adults) has been linked to:

  • Brain Cancer R
  • Breast Cancer (linked to putting cellphones in bras and independent of menopause) R R
  • Glioma R
  • Leukemia R R
  • Melanoma R
  • Mucoepidermoid Carcinoma R
  • Parotid Gland CancerR

There is a correlation between decreased survival rate from brain cancer and use of mobile/cordless phones. R

4. Create Imbalances In The Brain

EMFs (including WIFI/microwaves, cellphones/GSM, MRI/CT) open up the blood brain barrier (BBB) and allow foreign molecules to come into the brain, albumin to leak from the brain, and can cause neurotoxicity to the brain. R R R

This can happen in as little as 20 minutes of exposure. R

EMFs ability to make the BBB leaky can be exacerbated by having a fever. R 

A leaky BBB can contribute to brain fog. R

Another reason why EMFs increase brain fog and neurodegeneration may be because of the increase in ROS in the brain as well as the decrease in antioxidants. R R

EMFs affect the neuroendocrine system as well and can create imbalances in the HPA axis. R R

They alter the release of neurotransmitters in the brain and can cause depression. R R

For example, EMFs can increase epinephrine in power line workers. R

EMFs can also fatigue the hypothalamus and pituitary gland, causing "adrenal fatigue"-like symptoms. R 

In the hippocampus, hypothalamus, striatum and cerebral cortex, EMFs cause apoptosis (programmed cell death). R R R

EMFs also induce seizures. R R R

They also decrease alpha waves in the brain. R

EMFs effect the levels of nitric oxide and choline in the brain, possibly causing obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD)-like symptoms. R R

EMFs can also enhance manganese accumulation in the brain (as well as kidneys and liver). R

EMFs can cause learning impairments by decreasing mitochondrial function in the hippocampus, but EMFs also seem to increase long-term potentiation (LTP - helps store memories). R R

EMF exposure also can increase the risk of developing Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS). R R

In long term exposure of EMFs, the increased ROS may increase the chance of developing Parkinson's Disease (PD), although EMFs have not be directly linked to PD. R R R

EMFs (in short and long term usage) may increase the chance of developing dementia, but EMF exposure may also help against the development of Alzheimer's Disease (AD) by increasing spacial memory and decreasing plaque in the brain. R R R R R R R

One reason for this could be ELF-EMF's ability to increase GABA in the brain (although EMFs reduce GABA in the hippocampus). R R

Another reason could be that ELF-EMF's can increase plasticity of the brain. R

Or this may be because short term EMF exposure enhances glucose metabolism, a common problem seen in the brain of AD patients. R R R

ELF-EMFs may also have a neuroprotective effect against developing Huntington's Disease (HD). R

EMFs enhance the reaction times of narcoleptics. R

After traumatic brain injury (TBI), EMFs may help against depression and anxiety. R

5. Change The Circadian Rhythm

EMFs change the circadian rhythm of the body (sleep-wake, feed-sex cycle). R

They directly cause sleep disturbances and insomnia. R

EMFs suppress the production of melatonin (our sleep hormone) from the pineal gland. R R R

They also inhibit melatonin's ability to clean up free radicals in the body and brain. R

EMFs also alter the amount of cortisol produced throughout the day. R R R

This is because EMFs have an effect on the hypothalamo-pituitary-thyroid axis (HPT). R

For example, EMFs can reduce thyroid hormones T4 and T3. R

EMFs from airplanes can make jet lag even worse. R

6. Has Effects On The Heart and Vascular System

EMFs increase resting blood pressureR

Contradictingly, they can also increase nitric oxide (NO), which may help reduce the chance of developing atherosclerosis.  R

EMFs also cause damage to mitochondria in the heart. R

EMFs also negatively affect pacemakers and other cardiac rhythm management devices (CRMs). R R

EMFs may cause abnormal contractions of muscles, but may work as a treatment for atrial fibrillation. R R

Long term exposure to EMFs may cause a decrease in heart rate and heart rate variability (HRV). R

EMFs may calcify the vascular system in those with chronic kidney disease (CKD). R

7. Alter Kidney And Liver Function

EMFs can protect the kidneys by increasing the integrity of tight junctions (proteins that hold cells close together) of kidney cells. R

EMFs also seem to dehydrate cells. R

EMFs may also increase HbA1c levels and increase the chance of developing Type 2 Diabetes. R

EMFs have also shown to decrease fasting blood sugar levels. R 

EMFs can also induce inflammation in the liver and pancreas. R

For example, continued exposure to EMFs in rats causes altered insulin secretion and structural chances of the pancreas. R

8. Alter Bone, Wound Healing, And Skin Color


EMFs can help increase bone density, prevent osteoperosis, and help with repair of broken bones. R R

This effect can be enhanced by phosphodiesterase inhibitors, like pentoxifylline. R

EMFs have also shown to enhance tooth growth and remodeling. R

EMFs can also help with the rate of wound healing. R R

For example, some FDA approved PEMF devices are used to reduce pathogen exposure and increase wound healing simultaneously. R

Strangely, EMFs can cause amputees to have neuropathic pain. R

EMF also upregulate melanogenesis (production of melanin for skin) and could be useful for vitiligo. R R

9. Alter The Gut

EMFs change methylation in the gut (and create epigenetic changes to estrogen receptors). R

EMFs can both increase and reduce contraction the gastric muscle cells. R

Worms that are exposed to ELF-EMFs eat less. R

Also, EMF exposure is associated with less salivary excretion. R

10. Damage The Ears And Eyes

900Mhz (cell phone) break down the hair roots in the ear. R

Bluetooth headsets don't seem to have an effect on the ear. R

Cataracts may be associated with long-term exposure to high levels of microwaves. R

This is because EMFs increase ROS in the eyes (and ears) allowing free radicals to damage the retina and cochlea. R R

11. Damage Reproductive Organs

EMFs from cell phones directly damage sperm and causes their DNA to break. R

Cell phone specifically decrease the semen quality and decrease the sperm count, motility, and viability. R

Also, temperature controlled laptops (that were unable to get excessively hot) connected to WiFi placed on the laps of men decrease sperm quality and motility. R R

Although, super low frequency (SLF) EMFs can increase sperm motility. R

ELF-EMFs shrink the size of the seminal vesicles (the area that holds semen). R

In male rats, alternative magnetic fields (AMFs) decrease testosterone, but increase follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) and luteinizing hormone (LH). R

In female rats AMFs reduce FSH, LH, estrogen, and progesterone. R

In women, EMFs reduce the amount of eggs and may contribute to infertility. R R

For example, female workers that worked with machines that emitted large amounts of EMF, had increased menstrual disorders and low progesterone levels. R

They can also induce premature menopauseR

EMFs also decrease the number of follicles in the ovaries and increase DNA damage. R 

12. Alters Development

EMF exposure can raise the temperature of the fetus in the womb. R

Pregnant women living near power lines have a higher chance of having a miscarriage. R

Their children also have an increased chance of developing leukemia. R

EMFs (such as WiFi) can induce heavy metals in the body to release (such as mercury release from amalgams), which can affect both the mother and the child. R R

During development, EMF exposure reduces the ability for neurons to properly develop myelin (protective coating around the neurons). R R

EMFs may cause changes to the development of the heart, bone structure, blood, and DNA of the baby. R R

These changes may be a factor in developing Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD), but this hypothesis hasn't been fully justified and proven. R

Children also appear to absorb more microwave radiation than adults. R

In children, EMFs (such as cell phones and powerlines) decrease attention span and increase characteristics of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). R R R

This seems to be consistent with adults as well. R

How EMFs Affect Food


Microwaving (as well as conduction cooking) food reduces the amount of antioxidants in foods, although things like PEMF may do this less as are used to extract antioxidants from foods and medicinal plants. R

Plants that are sensitive to RF-EMFs: R

  • Alfalfa
  • Aspen
  • Brassicaceae
  • Broad Beans
  • Celery
  • Dill
  • Duckweeds
  • Fenugreek
  • Flax
  • Hyaciuth Beans
  • Lentils
  • Ligneous
  • Maize
  • Mologabeans
  • Mung Beans
  • Onions
  • Parrot Feathers
  • Parsley
  • Peas
  • Plectranthus
  • Red Beans
  • Rice
  • Roselle
  • Soybeans
  • Tomatoes
  • Wheat
  • Woad

RF-EMFs cause oxidative stress (such as increased ROS), changes in mitochondrial function, genetic changes, infertility, and alterations in growth in these plants. R

Microwaving also depletes foods of B vitamins. R

Also, microwaving can destroy the nutrients in fat as they EMFs can induce high temperatures that cause lipid oxidation. R R

Refrigeration may also contribute to oxidation of fat as well. R

What You Can Do To Protect Your Body

So right now, my conclusion on if EMFs are bad is a big MAYBE.

There are many factors that influence the degree to which people may be affected by EMFs. R

For example, body weight, body-mass index, bone density, and the levels of water and electrolytes can alter the conductivity of and biological reactivity to EMFs. R

Also, the non-standardization of EMF variables in studies creates conflicting results. 

For example, the determination of the health effects that phones and laptops cause are allowed to be tested from various distances from the body, and are usually not practically located. R

A phone needs to be tested at "shirt pocket" distance instead of multiple millimeters away, as well as a laptop needs to be tested at the distance of the laptop touching the pants. R

Also, studies usually only experiment with one frequency at a time, which is not a good representation to how we are consistently exposed to multiple frequencies on a daily basis. R

I agree with the Health Protection Agency (HPA) and their call for the need of standardized EMF exposure in the technological environment. R

Anyway, it appears that the effect from EMFs are less dose-dependent from exposure, but more time-dependent. R

They also seem to be frequency dependent and dependent on which type of cell is being exposed. R

I would not encourage exposing the body to unnecessary EMFs, so it's probably best to stay away from them as much as possible, but not freak out about it.

Personally in the past, I've had trouble sleeping next to a generator in my dorm during college, and had many of the symptoms from "mircowave syndrome".

I still notice myself sensitive to GPS and bluetooth, only really affecting my sleep, so I don't wear any BT sleep tracking devices.

I'm not excited about 5G cellphones and cellphone companies know the dangers of cellphones. V R

In other news, PEMF devices do seem to have some benefit, especially with wound healing, increasing the body's natural antioxidants, and decreasing pain. R R R

See the whole list of benefits for PEMFs here.

Here's some supplements and lifestyle changes that can reduce your exposure and enhance your protection from the negatives from EMFs, and should help anyone with EMF sensitivities.



I recommend reading Zapped by Ann Louise Gittleman to get started.

Turn off your WiFi, GPS, phone and other electrical devices when possible.

Do not expose children to toys that produce EMFs (such as iPads or tablets). R

Don't get scared of "digital dementia" aka Fear of Missing Out (FOMO). R


  • Keep the laptop away from your lap, stomach, and chest by at least 20mm. R
  • If possible, use a desktop instead.
  • If not use a shielding blanket over your privates. 


  • Do not keep your phone near your junk (testes, ovaries, butt, breasts) or major organs (heart and head) by at least 25mm. R 
  • This means keeping your phone in a separate bag away from your body, not in your pockets or your bra. R
  • If you need to talk on the phone use a wired headset or put it on speakerphone.
  • Minimize your use of phone calls and GPS in the car, since your entrapping yourself in a metal EMF box.
  • Use texting or a low energy/data app messenger instead.
  • I put my phone on airplane mode in the next room when sleeping. 


During the winter, keep a distance from heaters. R

A Magnetico Sleep Pad may help connect your body to the Earth's natural fields for an enhanced circadian rhythm, but I have yet to try this.

Circadian rhythms are normally reset when people forest bathe and go into the woods away from electronics. R

If you are traveling on a plane, try to get contact with grass or dirt as soon as possible to ground yourself. R R

You could also live in a forest, on a boat in the ocean or on an uninhabited island to reduce your exposure. R

Whatever you do, don't live next to high-powered electrical lines. R

Supplements And Foods


Levels And Testing

It is a good idea to check your house and appliances with an EMF/RF Meter.

  • Iron enhances the oxidative stress and neurocognitive problems by EMFs, so making sure iron (test here) isn't high is a good idea. R R
  • Copper and Manganese are also increased in the brain after EMF exposure, so testing (test here) for those and zinc would be a good tool for antioxidant status. R
  • 8-oxoG would also be a good biomarker, but I don't know any labs that will test for it (maybe this is something I will work on in the future). R

I'll update the post as more research on the subject of EMFs becomes available (last updated 5.25.17).

Mechanism Of Action


In it's simplest terms, photons (charged particles) and free electrons are what have energy and photons essentially control the photoelectric effect (which is the basis to electromagnetic radiation) and interact with/upon other photons in their respective fields. R R

  • The Earth has an average magnetic field strength of 45 μT. R
  • There are two types of EMF effects - from heat (thermal) or without heat (non-thermal). R
  • Non-thermal EMFs act via activating voltage-gated calcium channels (VGCC). R
  • For example, pulsed EMFs (PEMF) increase nitric oxide instantaneously through VGCC activation. R
  • This also causes elevated intracellular calcium [Ca2+]i, excessive calcium and nitric oxide signaling and also excessive peroxynitrite, free radicals and oxidative stress. R
  • VGCC activation changes the release and metabolism of neurotransmitters (such as increased glutamate and NMDAR function) and hormones, inducing synaptic plasticity and communication between neurons. R R R R
  • Elevated VGCC activity, produced by an allele of the CACNA1C gene which encodes the channel of the main L-type VGCC in the brain, produces various neuropsychiatric effects. R
  • EMFs deprotonate glutamic acid. R
  • 60 Hz ELF-EMFs inhibit cell growth and cause G1 arrest in HaCaT cells (through the activation of the ATM-Chk2-p21 pathway). R R
  • 900 MHz causes oxidative stress to guanine by OGG1 creating oxidative endproducts of 8-oxoG. R
  • 1800 MHz can impair the neurite outgrowth of embryonic neural stem cells. R
  • In stem cells, EMF directly regulates epigenetic changes through Mll2. R
  • EMFs directly affect the redox status of cells. R
  • They decrease tetrahydrobiopterin (BH4) in the cells. R
  • RF-EMFs elevate the levels of ROS by stimulating plasma membrane NADH oxidase or by decreasing the activity of antioxidant enzymes. R
  • NADPH oxidase enhances the NET formation in fighting pathogens. R
  • OGG1 protects against RF-EMFs-induced DNA oxidative lesion formation. R
  • EMFs also increase cytocrhome P450, but decrease NADPH-cytochrome P450 reductase (CPR). R R
  • One way that EMFs work on gene/protein transcription is how DNA acts as a fractal antenna for EMFs. R
  • This is because protein synthesis is also stimulated by combined EMFs in the RF range. R
  • RNA and DNA vibrate at Tremendously High Frequency (THz) frequencies.R
  • EMFs open up tight junctions in both the blood-brain barrier. R
  • 8Hz and 50Hz at 25µT increases nitric oxide in the gut and intracellular calcium in the gut's smooth muscle cells. R
  • In bones, EMFs increase osteoblast survival, alkaline phosphatase, matrix mineralization, TGFB1 and new stem cells. R R R
  • In wound healing, ELF-EMF inhibits NF-kB and decreases RANTES, MCP-1, MIP-1 alpha and IL-8. R
  • It also down-regulates COX-2 expression and PGE-2 production. R
  • In the immune system, EMFs decrease hsp90 - heat shock proteins (proteins that are produced by cells in response to exposure to stressful conditions) in the thymus (produces T cells). R
  • EMFs change structure of the DNA in the thymus. R
  • EMFs cause increased hsp70 levels in a time-dependent manner. R
  • EMFs also increase Th17 cytokine expression such as IL-17, Treg cells, CD4+ T cells, and TGF-Beta. R
  • During development, they seem to alter the transcription of Th1/Th2 cytokines, increasing the expression of IL4, IL5, and IL23a. R 
  • Outside of development they can increase TNF-alpha, IL1b, IL-2 IL-6, and MMP9. R R R
  • In cancer, EMFs changes the function of Schwann cells via Nf2/merlin through Hippo. R
  • In Alzheimer's EMFs can induce phagocytic depression via JAK2-STAT3- and MAPK-dependent PGE2-EP2 receptor signaling pathways in microglia. R
  • They also modify Glial Fibrillary Acidic Protein (GFAP), Alpha-synuclein, Glia Maturation Factor beta (GMF), and apolipoprotein E (apoE). R
  • EMFs slightly suppress caspase-9 activation. R
  • EMFs also upregulate genes encoding GAPDH significantly. R 
  • In worms, as an adaptive responese EMFs increase pyruvic acid, fumaric, L-malic acids, ethanolamine, phenylethylamine, hydroxylamine, 5-methoxytryptamine, alanine, glycine, proline, and leucine, while decreasing d-glyceric acid - this is typical in hypoxia-induced stress as well as heavy mental-induced neurotxocity. R
  • EMFs may change the acidity of the body by altering alkaline phosphatase (ALP) expression. R R
  • In patients with electromagnetic hypersnsitivity (EHS), there are higher levels of histamine, chymase, and tryptase (concluding that they may have mastocytosis, Multiple Chemical Sensitivity-MCS, and/or Sensitivity Related Illness-SRI). R
  • Long exposure of EMFs cause lowered leukocytes but increased amount of neutrophils, whereas short term exposure has the opposite effect. R
  • In sperm, EMFs change the expression and transcription of miRNA, while reducing malondialdehyde (MDA). R R
  • In the circadian rhythm, EMFs change the expression of CLOCK genes. R
  • In amputees, EMFs increase expression of temperature sensitive cation channels (TRPV4). R
  • In the liver, EMFs increase ALT, ALP, AST, GGT and albumin. R
  • EMFs may reduce weight gain by inhibiting PPARgamma. R
  • GPD-1, GPD-4, SOD2, GSTM3, MGST1, MGST3, NQO1 and NQO2 are increased, while GSTO1 and GSTM3 are decreased. R R R

More Research

  • Beneficial ectomycorrhizal fungi are also called EMFs, although unrelated to this post. R
  • Adele and Gwyneth Paltrow both believe that EMFs have serious health consequences. R R
  • “Magnetic storms” or “geomagnetic pulsations” due to changes in solar activity with an average periodicity of about 11 years are connected with increased rates of animal/human health incidents, including nervous and psychic diseases, hypertensive crises, heart attacks, cerebral accidents, and mortality. R
  • Cell phones can alter blood glucose monitors, half a meter away. R
  • EMFs can increase calcium levels in cells. R
  • Mobile phones effect rat's thalamus and may be protective for ascorbic acid. R
  • Thermal stress and ELF-EMF elicit a synergistic effect (on ROS, SOD, and OS response). R
  • EMFs produced significant decreases in plasma catalase activities in rat uterus. R
  • EMFs are associated with neurovegetative symptoms, menstrual disorder, and low level of P4. R
  • Circadian rhythms in Mel and antioxidant enzymes, GSH-Px and SOD, synthesis were shifted from RFs. R
  • Oxidative stress on the brain, liver, testes, ovary, kidney, and eye increases with exposure to WLANs. R
  • Microwaving or steaming vegetables had more insoluble fiber than pressure cooking. R